The Nafplio is a city of Peloponnesus, capital of Argolis and the main port of the eastern Peloponnese. According to the census of 2011 had 14 203 inhabitants. It is one of the most picturesque cities in the country, and was the capital of the Greek State in the period 1828 – 1833. It has been declared a traditional settlement.

Nafplion is known for Bourtzi, a small fortress built on an island in the harbor, for Palamidi, a Venetian fortress which dominates the city, the Acronafplia (in Turkish. Its-Kale), other fortress Venetian, on the homonymous peninsula, and the place of John Kapodistrias murder.