Mycenae (Mycenae Mycenae) was an ancient city of Argolida near mountain Tritos and across from the Argolic Gulf. The archaeological site of Mycenae is located approximately 90 kilometers southwest of Athens, in the northeast Peloponnese.
During the second millennium BC, Mycenae was one of the largest centers of Greek culture, becoming a strong military fortress that towered over most of southern Greece. The period of Greek history between 1600 BC to about 1100 BC called “Mycenaean”, referring to Mycenae. At the height of their glory, in 1350 BC, the castle and the lower city had 30,000 residents and area was 32 hectares.